Hand tufting is by far the quickest method of producing a rug and is commonly used for modern and contemporary styles including shaggy rugs. The method doesn't use a conventional warp and weft; instead a hand held gun that shoots yarn into the primary backing of the rug to create various designs and textures. Once the design is complete the rug will have secondary jute backing attached with glue. Finally the rug will then be hand carved and given an additional dimension.
The main production centres for hand-tufted rugs are in India and China. Although hand tufted rugs can be produced with literally any fibre meaning that anywhere can produce them, due to the local resources viscose rugs are produced in India and brighter acrylic and viscose fibres are produced in China.